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Things You Should Know if You Need to Evacuate for a Natural Disaster

Home > Brisbane > How To | Lists
Published September 14th 2017
Real advice on how to evacuate for a natural disaster



I always start to remember the floods at this time of year, as the storm season and Christmas period encroaches. Now with the potential fire danger looming with the unusual dry, warm/hot weather it made me review our evacuation plan. We didn't have one when the floods happened but we do now!

Before you read further, if have been impacted by a natural disaster, this article may trigger memories or emotions. Please contact Lifeline on 13 11 14 or by messaging www.lifeline.org.au/about-lifeline/contact-us if you feel distressed or need to talk to someone.

In January 2011, thousands of people were displaced, lost homes, businesses and tragically many lost their lives due to the Queensland wide / northern New South Wales floods and Cyclone Yasi. Earlier in 2017, floods again affected the Logan, Beenleigh, Gold Coast and northern New South Wales areas leaving a trail of destruction.

Over the years, Australia has also faced some of the most catastrophic fires in our history. You may have already been through a flood or another natural disaster. Or you may be like me, not a "local", not familiar with the extreme weather events for the area that you have just moved to, caught unawares. We did our research on our new area but the truth is we didn't know what we didn't know.

Here is our story of the living through the flood; what we packed, forgot (you may be surprised, we were!), what we learnt and what we would do differently.

Do you have an evacuation plan? What would you pack? Let me know if I have forgotten something!

Our Story
My family and I evacuated at night on the eve of the Brisbane floods. We had been advised only hours before by professionals that we "wouldn't flood and did not need to evacuate". It soon became evident, however, that we needed to leave.

The car was full of everything we could carry for us, the kids and dogs. The roof racks were loaded with our camping gear, as at the time we were isolated and had nowhere to go.

Eventually, I managed to contact a friend whom I had met on the bus to and from work. To be honest, it was awkward asking for help, but I had no choice, we had nowhere to go.

We could not stay at their house as we had our dogs and they had two dogs, but we were fortunately able to stay with their daughter just up the road.

What did we pack? What did we forget?

We packed most of the things listed, however there were a few things we forgot in the rush to leave. I have bolded things we forgot and placed in italics the items we discovered had a multiple purpose.

Essential items
First aid kit - Bandaids, painkillers, antihistamines, Ventolin, stingoes, mosquito spray, rehydration tablets, Berocca, antiseptic, anti-nausea, anti-diarrhoea, eucalyptus oil, gloves, bandages, tape, vaseline, tweezers, thermometer, sunscreen and scissors
Mini-sewing kit
Spare keys!
Mobile phone charger
Toilet paper
External hard drive (back up computer before you go)
Can opener
Tent
Fold up mattress
Gas stove, saucepan, cutlery, cups etc
Torch, batteries
Electrical / gaffer tape, fixes everything, almost!
Computer, laptop



Food
We packed cans and condiments into one milk crate and tried to pack a variety of multipurpose food that could be made into various dishes.
Canned food - beans, corn, tuna, coconut milk, baked beans, tomatoes etc
Curry pastes
Breakfast cereal, bread and eggs
Long life milk
Tea, coffee and sugar
Herbs (oregano, basil etc), curry powder, salt and pepper
Condiments and sauces
Packet noodles, rice and pasta
Snacks, nuts, dried fruit, rice / corn cakes double as snacks and lunch)
Bottled or tap water, as much as you can carry (we lost water for days)
Bag of fruit, vegetables and salad etc
Frozen food in an Esky with ice packs

Pack canned food and don't forget the tea and coffee


Parent's list
We packed our things into one large bag, as there wasn't room for two, and included:
Clothes and shoes (Although probably not enough given the extended period that we were away from home. In haste I had thongs and sneakers! Completely inadequate for the clean up)
Photo albums
Medicines and prescriptions
Handbag, wallet etc
Toiletries, sunscreen and hair elastics
Work clothes and shoes (we still needed to go to work)
Blanket, pillows etc
Keepsakes, irreplaceable items
Birth certificate, passports etc, we accidentally picked up the wrong folder!
Insurance policy disclosure statement (PDS), we had the policy with us but not the PDS so couldn't prove our entitlements.
Gumboots

Kid's list
We packed the following:
Port-a-cot (doubled as a baby proof storage area when not being used as a cot)
Blanket, sheets and mattress protector (blankets and sheets became cubby houses)
Clothes, short and long sleeves
Pram
High chair
Bottles - water and milk
Nappies, baby wipes (used to clean everything!), Sudocrem (used on eczema and abrasions)
Moisturiser (essential when the clean up begins to soften sore hands and feet)
Baby monitor
2-3 favourite toys, favourite books, 1-2 bath toys (became dry land toys, distractors in the car etc)
Pencil case (with crayons and pencils etc) and paper / colouring in book
Special keepsakes, small irreplaceable things
Medicine - prescription, painkillers, bonjela (teething gel doubles as mild local anaesthetic, great for cuts etc during clean up)
Birth certificate
Baby red book with immunisation history
Toiletries
Pillows
Don't forget to pack toys!
We packed favourite soft comfort toys and multipurpose stackable bath toys, duplo and blocks


Dog's list
It was important not to forget our four legged family members and packed;
Dog food
Leash
Bowls - food and water
Medicines
Brush

Don't forget your pets! Food, medicine, bowls and leads are essential


What to do before you leave your home
Do not leave it too late to leave safely. Before leaving your home:
Call family and friends to let them know that you are leaving and where you are going. We assigned one main contact person who we asked to pass on information to others to avoid flattening the battery, important after we lost power. Stay connected by phone, SMS and social media if possible.
Check on your neighbours to see if they are ok, need help and where they are evacuating to. Pass on contact details.
Have an inventory of our household belongings with the cost per item.
Double check you have sentimental, irreplaceable items.
Lift items as high as possible as the water may not come up too high.
Leave your fridge and freezer door open, otherwise they float, become obstacles and go through walls like a wrecking ball.
If there is time, fill up water tanks, so they can be used to put out fires and will not float away in flood water.

Before you drive away, take a big deep breath. You may feel a range of emotions and doubt what you have packed and doubt your decision to leave. This is completely normal and breathing as simple as it sounds, helps.

What would we do differently if it happened again?
We would pack everything in our list and in bold! Particularly birth certificates and passports. We now have them all securely located in a handy "grab" folder!

If there is room and time, we would have packed the frozen food. It would have come in handy in the days after when we were isolated and cut off, particularly as we pooled supplies with others to see us through. Frozen peas and corn also double as an ice pack for first aid!

Lesson learnt! Our grab bag now has passports, birth and marriage certificates, important documents etc


The clean up
You may feel impatient to return to see if your property is affected, but wait until you are advised that is safe to return. There were a lot of hazards after we flooded including broken asbestos, glass and displaced snakes!

Gumboots or closed covered shoes are essential for flood clean up. Our toilet had come off the wall and disengaged, so who knows what was floating around. As such, disinfectant and gloves are a great idea!

In our area the mud army came into its own and with our friends and neighbours showed me the power of community and generosity. I will always be thankful and admire their work.

One memory that sticks in my mind is the local families walking by with plates of home cooked food for people affected and the volunteers. It was moving.


The pace of activity during the cleanup was frenetic. With the confluence of shock, chaos and an unreal experience it was easy to make mistakes in the rush to make a decision.

People who are trying to help may push you for an urgent decision, but give yourself the time and opportunity to consider before you reply. We still regret losing some things that were thrown away as a result of haste. Bedding, clothes, toys and wedding dresses can be hand washed and then dry cleaned.

How you may feel afterwards
It is natural to feel a range of emotions after evacuating for a disaster, irrespective of whether you are directly affected in its aftermath.

People may go through the grieving cycle, starting with shock, denial, anger, blame before accepting what has occurred. This may take months, years or remain unresolved and present as depression and/or anxiety later.

People who return to their homes and find their belongings and homes intact may feel survivor's guilt. They may wonder why they were "unscathed" or "survived" and their friends, family or neighbours lost belongings, homes or loved ones. People who return to their homes and find a trail of destruction may feel shock, despair, denial and anger. The depth of emotion will vary between individuals.

There is no "right" feeling, no standard response or length of time taken to heal following such an event. Find a close friend or family member to talk to about your experience and how you feel. You are not alone.

What support services are there?
Community services may set up in or around the areas requiring help at the time and provide helpful information about financial relief and counselling services. In addition, the following are useful:
Lifeline is available 24 hours a day on 13 11 14 or via messaging on www.lifeline.org.au/about-lifeline/contact-us should you want to talk to someone.
The banks have disaster relief information
Call your insurer to find out what support is offered through your insurance relating to temporary accommodation etc.

Many of our friends and family donated to the "Qld Premier's Relief fund" to avoid the embarrassment of donating directly to us. Whilst this is understandable, the result was less than ideal for us as bureaucracy set in and we didn't receive a cent of it. If people offer to help, don't be afraid to accept

Tips for kids
Natural disasters and other traumas impact kids profoundly and their reaction will vary from shock, denial, anger to appearing indifferent and nonchalant.

Their ability to express emotion will be in part determined by their age and how open you are to talking to them about it. This can be tricky when you may have a rollercoaster emotions yourself!

Trauma may result in nightmares, separation anxiety, anxiety with weather (ie future rain), regression (toilet training, bed wetting etc) and may present as extreme behaviour. Reassure, let them talk about their feelings and seek professional help if needed.

It may also help if you find others in your area with similar aged children and form a playgroup or support group to help. We found that people who had been through the flood had a deeper level of understanding and we were able to support each other.

Try to keep routine as consistent as possible, as kids will thrive on the structure during a period of uncertainty and trauma. This is particularly so when you are in your evacuation shelter and then temporary accommodation before you rebuild.

There are a couple of great books written about the Brisbane Floods by Nana Ryll and Jackie French. My kids particularly like the Nana Ryll book called "Friends of the Flood: An Australian Story." The story is told using animals and helps them to talk and explore their experiences without it being too confronting.

Friends of the Flood: An Australian Story


Handy links
We found the following links useful:
Read about the types of disasters and sign up to the SMS service www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/community-safety/community-safety/disasters-emergencies/types-disasters
The Bureau of Meteorology has weather warnings www.bom.gov.au/qld/warnings/ and rainfall, river and creek heights www.bom.gov.au/qld/flood/rain_river.shtml

Stay safe this storm and bushfire season. And if it happens, breath, you will be ok and remember you are not alone.

To the numerous friends, family and strangers who helped us either in person or remotely by phone, thank you. We will be forever grateful and will never forget.
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Your Comment
Naomi thank you for writing this article and sharing your personal story. I lost everything in the floods and it took a year for my home to be rebuilt. I think you have given excellent advice.
by May Cross (score: 2|659) 36 days ago
What an amazing and moving article. I'm so sorry you had to experience that, but I really appreciate that you have used it to provide helpful advice for coping wuth future natural disasters. Thank you.
by melan (score: 1|12) 36 days ago
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