The noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala) is a bird in the honeyeater family and is endemic to eastern and south-eastern Australia. This miner is a grey bird, with a black head, orange-yellow beak and feet, a distinctive yellow patch behind the eye, and white tips on the tail feathers.
The noisy miner is a notably aggressive bird, so that chasing, pecking, fighting, scolding, and mobbing occur throughout the day, targeted at both intruders and colony members. I have observed noisy miners chasing and harassing sulphur crested cockatoos who are many times their size.
On one of my street walks I was photographing a rainbow lorikeet feeding on a protea flower when harassed by a noisy miner. The lorikeet ignored the intrusion but eventually left. Pity, as there were enough proteas to go around.
Rainbow lorikeet about to be harassed by noisy miner.
Foraging in the canopy of trees, on trunks and branches, and on the ground, the noisy miner mainly eats nectar, fruit, and insects. Most time is spent gleaning the foliage of eucalypts, and it can meet most of its nutritional needs from manna, honeydew, and lerp, which a sweet waxy secretion found on the leaves of eucalyptus trees.
They have two broad-frequency alarm calls that are used when intruders enter their territory, or when predators (including humans) are sighted; and a narrow-frequency alarm call that is primarily used when airborne predators are seen. I have observed when approaching a treed area and there are noisy miners about, they live up to their name noisily circling overhead and then retiring to nearby trees to watch me.