Cecelia writes stories & tutors English. Her ONLINE POETRY COURSE is available on openlearning, and she has several books in print.
Cecelia's articles are illustrated with photos by Allan who enjoys photography.
Published February 20th 2017
View miles of ocean from the hill
Hummock Hill is a hill that stands between the city of Whyalla and the sea. It has an interesting history as the first settlement in the area and played a role in the development of mining and shipping in Whyalla. During the war, it even contributed to Australia's defence. Today it is set up as a tourist look-out.
Hummock Hill lookout is situated on a one-way road, Queen Elizabeth Drive, which winds its way up the hill and down the other side. Hummock Hill was surveyed by Matthew Flinders on the 9th of March 1802. Iron ore was discovered at nearby Iron Knob in the mid-1800's and BHP (Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited) acquired leases to mine in November 1899. Around a tramway was constructed to connect the coast to ore deposits at Iron Knob. This was followed by the construction of a jetty from which to load the ore onto ships, and the town of Hummock Hill was born.
For a long time, Hummock Hill was a small, isolated settlement clustered around the hill. Many people lived in tents and houses constructed of temporary materials. The roads were not sealed, but they were good enough for horse and cart transport. A small store opened in 1903 and the first school opened in 1905. The first telephone service was installed in 1911. The settlement of Hummock Hill changed its name to Whyalla when the town was officially established in 1914.
During World War Two Hummock Hill served as a gun battery and observation post, because of the view it commanded. The site was handed over to the City Council as a gift during the 1986 South Australian Jubilee 150 and Royal visit. www.whyalla.sa.gov.au/page.aspx?u=944)
Visitors to the hill can read the about its historical significance on the signs placed around the site. They can also shelter in the modern rotundas built for the purpose and sit on the benches provided. A telescope has been attached to a pole and allows the user to magnify the ocean views and search for boats. There is also a parking area on the hillside so visitors can get out of their cars and enjoy the view.