Discover 30 Historical Buildings to Visit in NSW

Discover 30 Historical Buildings to Visit in NSW


Posted 2015-04-06 by Gary Brownfollow
When I was working for NSW TAFE I started off as a building teacher and over the 27 years in TAFE one of the subjects that I had to teach was the History of Buildings. Back then this would have had to be one of my favourites as I enjoyed teaching the students the various different ways that buildings were constructed back then. Especially the raw materials they had to use, the methods they had to design to construct some of the buildings.

Imagine as a stone mason trying to lift a three to four tonne block of sandstone into place to lay as part of an arch. All they would have had was ropes and pullies. Not like nowadays where you could use a crane to put it in place. What about a carpenter lifting in timber beams to a roof structure that was six to seven metres in length and weigh in at around two to three tonnes each. Nowadays you just hire in a self erecting crane and lift it into place.

The British colony of New South Wales was established in 1788 as a penal colony and since them there have been many buildings that have been erected throughout NSW that have been declared as historical buildings.

So I have put together a list of 30 historical buildings that were built between the 1800s to the 1900s throughout NSW and I thought would be worth a visit to see these magnificent buildings of yester year. They can either be visited to take a tour of or some of them you can even stay at overnight or for a few days. There are ghost tours at some and there is even one where you can do some wine tasting.

1. Vaucluse House 1805 – Vaucluse.

Vaucluse House is one of Sydney's few 19th-century mansions still surrounded by its original gardens and wooded grounds. When the towering colonial explorer, barrister and politician William Charles Wentworth bought the house in 1827; it was a single-storey cottage in a secluded valley of partly cleared coastal scrub. In fits and starts over the next five decades, William and his wife Sarah developed Vaucluse into a large and picturesque estate.

The grounds were extended and flourished to cover most of the present-day suburb of Vaucluse but the main house of the family's dreams was left unfinished. In 1915 Vaucluse House became Australia's first official house museum and continues to entice visitors to its lush and still secluded grounds.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $8, Child (under 15) / Concession $4, Family (two adults two children) $17, Members free.
OPEN TIMES: 11am to 4pm

2. Ebenezer Church 1809 – Ebenezer.

Ebenezer Church is Australia's oldest church, est. 1809 at Ebenezer, NSW. It was the first non-conformist then Presbyterian Church in Australia and was a pioneer in education in the colony, beginning a school in 1810. The church is open each day; visitors can take a self-guided tour using pamphlets provided. The pamphlet contains information on the historic precinct of the church, cemetery, churchyard and the tree across Coromandel Road.

OPEN TIMES: The Schoolmaster's House is open daily from 10.00am to 3.00pm
ADDRESS: 95 Coromandel Road Ebenezer.

3. Wivenhoe Historic House 1812 – Cobbitty.

Wivenhoe is a Mediterranean style villa situated on the Mater Dei property. It is close to both Cobbitty and Narellan and stands on a ridge overlooking Camden Valley and Camden Airport, with views to the Razorback Range. Wivenhoe is of both State and National Heritage significance and is the only extant example of a bell cast roof that was carved from a single beam.

ENTRY FEE: $5 donation
OPEN TIMES: Wivenhoe House is open to the Public for tours on the first Sunday of each month (February to December). Guided Tours from 10.00am to 3.00pm.
ADDRESS: Cobbitty, New South Wales

4. Rouse Hill House & Farm 1813 – Rouse Hill.

Looking out over the paddocks and across to the mountains, this house and farm have been owned by six generations of one family. Through the good times and the bad, each generation has added another layer of belongings, improvements and memories, and today, every object and addition, every tear, stain and repair has a story to tell.

With its grand stables and prize horses, orchards and elegant summerhouse, Rouse Hill House was once the social hub of the area. And although the estate was later subdivided as the family fortunes waned, the house and its stories still draw people to its door. Today Rouse Hill House & Farm also features the restored 1888 Rouse Hill schoolhouse, a section of the original Windsor Road turnpike proclaimed by Governor Macquarie in 1813, and the site of the doomed 1804 'Vinegar Hill' convict rebellion.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $8, Child (under 15) / Concession $4, Family (two adults two children) $17, Members free.
OPEN TIMES: 10.30am TO 3.30pm
ADDRESS: 356 Annangrove Road, Rouse Hill

5. Hyde Parks Barracks Museum 1819 – Hyde Park, Sydney.

Modern Sydney is built on convict foundations – on convict labour, convict skills and convict stories. In June 1819 the Hyde Park Barracks opened to house convict men and boys working in government gangs, and over the next three decades as many as 50,000 convicts passed through its gates. With the end of transportation, the building was converted to a hostel for orphan girls escaping the Irish famine, female immigration depot and later asylum for aged and destitute women.

Today, as a museum about itself, the barracks tells stories of convict Sydney, and of those since then who have had the misfortune to spend time there. The Hyde Park Barracks is one of 11 Australian convict sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
ENTRY FEE: Adult $10, Child (under 15) / Concession $5, Family (two adults two children) $20, Members free.
OPEN TIMES: 10am to 5pm.
ADDRESS: Queens Square, Macquarie Street, Sydney

6. Woodford Academy 1830's – Woodford.

Now known as Woodford Academy, this historic property has had a multi-layered use with parts of the building dating back to the 1830s. It is the oldest collection of buildings on the Blue Mountains, the basic structure being of sandstone.

Among its many uses, it has been The Woodman Inn, The King's Arms, Buss's Inn, a gentleman's residence, school for young gentlemen, day school for local children, guesthouse, boarding house and a private residence.

Now known as Woodford Academy, this historic property has had a multi-layered use with parts of the building dating back to the 1830s. It is the oldest collection of buildings on the Blue Mountains, the basic structure being of sandstone.

Among its many uses, it has been The Woodman Inn, The King's Arms, Buss's Inn, a gentleman's residence, school for young gentlemen, day school for local children, guesthouse, boarding house and a private residence.

ENTRY FEE: Adults $6 Concession/child (4-16 years) $4 Family (2 Adults, 2 children) $15 National Trust Members Free Guided Tours (Subject to Availability) $2/person (4 years)
OPEN TIMES: The 10am-4pm every third Saturday of the month or by appointment for groups of 10 persons or more
ADDRESS: 90-95 Great Western Highway, Woodford (parking available in Woodford Ave)

7. Camden Park House 1832 – Camden.

The building and design of Camden Park House began in 1832 and was completed in 1835, a year after John Macarthur's death. Architect, John Verge, designed the mansion in Palladian style with a central two-storey block with one-storey wings and extensions at each side. Camden Park House, which has become one of the great mansions of Australia, is still occupied by the Macarthur family and is thought to be one of the oldest residences in the country still occupied by descendants. The family burial ground is located nearby and is the last resting place of John Macarthur and his direct descendants.

ENTRY FEE: House & Garden $15 adults, $10 children, $40 Family. Garden only $6
OPEN TIMES: 12 noon to 4pm. (open house 18th & 19th of September 2015)
ADDRESS: Elizabeth Macarthur Ave, Camden South

8. Elizabeth Bay House 1835 – Elizabeth Bay.

With commanding views over Sydney Harbour, Elizabeth Bay House gleams like a Greek temple. Once surrounded by famous landscaped gardens, it is one of the most splendid private houses ever built in Australia and still arouses our delight and astonishment. Its elegant rooms and fine proportions, sweeping staircase and lavish furnishings reveal the tastes and aspirations of its original owner, Alexander Macleay, after the governor, the most important public official in colonial Sydney. But it was his magnificent gardens which most keenly expressed his tastes and passions, and in the economic downturn of the 1840s pushed him towards ruin. Elizabeth Bay House is an iconic Sydney home, with an iconic Sydney back-story of obsession for property and position stretched beyond means and undone by changing financial times.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $8, Child (under 15) / Concession $4, Family (two adults two children) $17, Members free
OPEN TIMES: 11am to 4pm
ADDRESS: 7 Onslow Avenue, Elizabeth Bay

9. Bedervale 1836 – Braidwood.

Bedervale is a large single storey Georgian home, situated close to Canberra which houses the National Trust Collection. The property was built in 1836 on a land grant by Captain John Coghill and is of great historic and architectural significance. The property is situated in a scenic location with views to the town of Braidwood, Mount Jillamatong and the coastal range.

ENTRY FEE: General Admission - $15 Trust Members - $10 *minimum cost of $50 for tours
OPEN TIMES: Tour is by appointment only; entry is by guided tour only.
ADDRESS: Monkittee Street, Braidwood

10. Braidwood Museum 1840 – Braidwood.

This was the first significant hotel in Braidwood, built in the 1840s as the Royal Hotel, of local granite with a shingle roof. For many years, the building was empty and later it was converted into flats. However, it was fortunate that the building was in good condition when the Historical Society purchased it in 1970.

ENTRY FEE: adults $5, Children $1.
OPEN TIMES: Friday to Sunday. 11am to 2pm. By appointment.
ADDRESS: 186 Wallace Street Braidwood.

11. Susannah Place Museum 1844 – The Rocks, Sydney.

Built in 1844, Susannah Place Museum is a terrace of four houses that incorporates a recreated 1915 corner store. Rare in the city of Sydney, it has a continuous history of domestic occupancy by working class families.

Susannah Place Museum provides a rare opportunity to explore domestic working class life from 1844 to 1990. It is evidence of the richness of community life that existed in The Rocks. The modest interiors and rear yards illustrate the restrictions of nineteenth century inner city life.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $8, Child (under 15) / Concession $4, Family (two adults two children) $17, Members free
OPEN TIMES: 2pm to 5pm.
ADDRESS: 58–64 Gloucester Street, The Rocks, Sydney.

12. Maitland Gaol 1844 – Maitland.

Maitland Gaol's foundation stone was laid in 1844 with the official opening and reception of the first prisoners occurring in 1848. Built of sandstone from Morpeth and Farley, it is considered to be the most intact country gaol in New South Wales and is the longest continuously operating correctional institution in Australia.

After holding some of Australia's most hardened criminals, Maitland Gaol closed on the 30th January 1998. Inmates were transferred to other prisons with the final transfer at noon that day. The last buildings were completed on the site in 1993.

The closure of the complex was announced in 1996 as part of an upgrade to the state's prison system. It closed because security did not meet community expectations, conditions were considered unsuitable and the cost of operating the antiquated facility was excessive.

ENTRY FEE: Click here
OPEN TIMES: Click here
ADDRESS: Maitland Gaol is located in John Street, East Maitland only metres from the New England Highway.

13. Miss Traill's House 1845 – Bathurst.

Built by the Reverend Thomas Sharpe in 1845 soon after land became available in the Bathurst area, Miss Traill's House and Garden is named after Ida Traill, a socially prominent, independently wealthy resident, who lived in this pretty Colonial Georgian bungalow from 1931 until her death at 87 in 1976.

ENTRY FEE: House Tours Adults $10, Concessions $8, Children (5-14yrs) $6, Family $26, Group Tours – 10 or more $8
OPEN TIMES: Saturday, Sundays, Public Holidays, 12 noon to 3pm.
ADDRESS: 321 Russell Street, Bathurst

14. Dubbo Gaol 1847 – Dubbo.

The Old Dubbo Gaol began as a courthouse lock up in 1847. With the selection of the location for a new town along the Macquarie River it was one of the first government buildings along with the constable's residence and the post office. The lock up, which was a slab hut of one main room and two cells, frequently leaked when it rained and was not the most secure area as it was not enclosed by walls.

Crimes brought about by greed, hunger and poverty saw many individuals locked away in the small confines of the lock-up and in 1859 Dubbo lock up was proclaimed a gaol.

ENTRY FEE: Click here.
OPEN TIMES: 9am and 4pm.
ADDRESS: The entrance to the Old Dubbo Gaol is located just off Macquarie Street, near the old clock tower and Commonwealth Bank, Dubbo.

15. The Rocks Discovery Museum 1850's – The Rocks Sydney.

The Rocks Discovery Museum, housed in a restored 1850s sandstone warehouse, tells the story of The Rocks from pre-European days to the present.

Home to a unique collection of images and archaeological artefacts found in The Rocks, the exhibits are highly interactive; using touch screens, audio and visual elements to bring the history of the area alive.

Learn about the areas traditional landowners, the establishment of the English colony and the time when sailors, whalers and traders made the area their home; through to the 1970s union-led protests which preserved this unique part of Sydney for future generations to explore and enjoy.

OPEN TIMES: 10am – 5pm daily (closed Good Friday and Christmas Day)
ADDRESS: Kendall Lane, The Rocks (enter via Argyle Street)

16. Justice Police Museum 1856 – Circular Quay, Sydney.

Step into the dark side of Sydney's past with a visit to the Water Police station and courts that once made up one of the city's busiest legal hubs. Crooks and cops, thugs and judges, locals and drifters, the guilty and the innocent have all left their stories here. With its 1890s holding cells, offices, charge room and courts, the museum draws you into a world of crime, punishment and policing, from bushrangers, sly grog and razor gangs to forensics. A vast archive of crime scene photography and mug shots reveal more than a century of underworld Sydney.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $10, Child (under 15) / Concession $5, Family (two adults two children) $20, Members free
OPEN TIMES: Saturday and Sunday 10am to 5pm
ADDRESS: Corner Albert and Phillip Streets, Circular Quay, Sydney.

17. Fort Denison 1857 – Sydney Harbour.

Located in Sydney Harbour, Fort Denison, also known as "Pinchgut", is one of Sydney's historic landmarks. When the First Fleet arrived in 1788, Fort Denison was a steep, rocky island known to the Aboriginal people as Mat-te-wan-ye and was a popular fishing place for local tribes. The name "Pinchgut" arose soon after, as convicts who had committed secondary crimes were charged and confined in leg irons on the island, with rations of bread and water.

The Martello Tower was completed in 1857 using 8,000 tonnes of sandstone. The island was renamed Fort Denison in 1862 after the then-Governor, Sir William Denison. The Martello Tower is the only one of its kind in Australia. Fort Denison became part of Sydney Harbour National Park in 1992.

ENTRY FEE: Adult $37.50 per person. Concession $33 per person. Child 5-15 years $29 per child. Children under 5 years free. Family of four $31 per person. Price includes transport and tour.
OPEN TIMES: Every day 11am to 11.30am, 12.15pm to 12.45pm, 1.45pm to 2.15pm & 2.45pm to 3.15pm
ADDRESS: Captain Cook/Matilda Cruises operate a daily ferry service to Fort Denison between 10.30am and 4pm, seven days a week, departing from Circular Quay Wharf 6.

18. Nobby's Breakwater & Lighthouse 1858 – Nobby's Beach Newcastle.

Nobbys Head Light is an active lighthouse on Nobbys Head, a headland on the south side of the entrance to Newcastle Harbour, New South Wales, Australia. An image of the lighthouse is included in the Coat of Arms of the City of Newcastle. The lighthouse is operated by the Newcastle Port Corporation.

OPEN TIMES: Every Sunday 10am to 4pm.
ADDRESS: There is no car access along the Macquarie Pier, you may walk or bicycle only From the Nobbys Beach car park there is a 550m (10 minutes approximately) walk to the gate From the gate there is a 220m up-hill walk to the Signal Master's Cottage (five minutes approximately)

19. Douglas Vale Homestead and Vineyard. 1859 – Port Macquarie.

A unique historical attraction right in the middle of Port Macquarie. In recent years it was saved from demolition and is now once again producing wine.

OPEN TIMES: Saturdays, Sundays and Wednesdays between 10-00am to 3-00pm.
ADDRESS: 235 Oxley Highway Port Macquarie

20. The Lock-up Museum 1861 – Newcastle.

The Lock-Up was built to support the Newcastle Police Station which was housed in the adjacent Court House (now the site of the former 1902 Post Office) and was used from 1861 until its closure in 1982. The building has been listed in the NSW Heritage Register; the building is constructed in Sydney sandstone and is one of a row of four significant buildings on Hunter Street that reflects the prosperity of early Newcastle.

ENTRY FEE: Contact (02) 4925 2265
OPEN TIMES: Wednesday to Saturday. 9am to 4pm. Sunday 11am to 3pm.
ADDRESS: 90 Hunter Street, Newcastle

21. Carss Cottage Museum 1865 – Carss Park.

Carss Cottage is a sandstone cottage built in 1865 for William Carss and family. It is the oldest building still standing in the Kogarah area and houses a Museum focusing on local history, run by Kogarah Historical Society. Changing displays range from famous local artists to the history of theatrical groups from the region and lifestyles of the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

ENTRY FEE: $5.00 per person includes morning tea,
OPEN TIMES: MONDAYS AT THE MUSEUM. Five times a year guests enjoy a home cooked morning tea, outside Carss Cottage if it is fine, followed by a Guest Speaker.
ADDRESS: is at the end of Carwar Avenue, Carss Park, Parking available.

22. St Mary's Catholic Cathedral & Chapter House 1866 - Sydney.

St Mary's Catholic Cathedral is the oldest place maintaining its use as a place of worship for the Catholic community in Australia, since its early beginnings in 1821. Constructed between 1866 and 1928, this place is the site of the original St Mary's Cathedral, the first Catholic Church in Australia and can be said to be the birthplace of Catholicism in Australia. The Cathedral is of major architectural significance as the largest 19th century ecclesiastical building in the English Gothic style anywhere in the world and this grand cathedral is a stimulating and worthwhile place to see when in Sydney.

ENTRY FEE: Contact. (02) 9220 0400
OPEN TIMES: Contact. (02) 9220 0400
ADDRESS: St Mary's Road, Sydney

23. Grossmann & Brough House 1870 – Maitland.

Grossmann House, Maitland is one of two mirror image, Victorian Regency properties, built side by side on the same lot in 1870-71 for the prosperous business partners, Isaac Beckett and Samuel Owen. The buildings are thought to have been designed by local architect, William White. It is interesting to note that the main entrance to each residence was located on opposing sides rather than at the front, to give a degree of privacy – although the two families shared a common laundry.

ENTRY FEE: General Admission - $7, Concession - $5, Family - $17, Trust Members - Free
OPEN TIMES: Sundays 10am to 3pm or by appointment.
ADDRESS: 171 Church Street Maitland.

24. S. H. P Memorial School of Arts 1870's – Tenterfield.

Sir Henry Parkes "The Father of Federation" stood on the site that would become The National Trust's first museum where in October, 1889 he delivered a speech that in the words of Sir Robert Garran; "turned a vague ideal into a practical working program for Federation".

The property not only stands to commemorate the memory of one of Australia's great statesmen but to provide a centre of interest to perpetuate the meaning and purpose of Federation. The property itself was founded as a working man's institute in the 1870's. Its lifetime and associated events have earned it the title as 'birthplace of our nation'. Architecturally the School of Arts is a prominent building reflecting the society and era, comprising of many styles ranging from its gothic outline to the Edwardian addition of 1913.

ENTRY FEE: National Trust members free $5.00 adult $4.00 concession $12.00 family $2.00 child $4.00 per head, tour groups of 10 or more people (includes guided tour)
OPEN TIMES: Open 7 days a week, 10am-5pm (excluding Good Friday and Christmas Day)
ADDRESS: Cnr Manners and Rouse Streets, Tenterfield

25. Montague Island Lighthouse 1881 – Offshore at Narooma.

The lighthouse, built way back in 1881, is impossible to miss – it's an impressive granite structure that will have you reaching for your camera. Climb the winding staircase to the top – it's a great vantage point for whale watching and the amazing 360 degree views will take your breath away.

Retaining most of its original form and features little has changed from the time the lighthouse was constructed to what you will see today. Designed in 1873 and completed almost a decade later.

ENTRY FEE: Click here
OPEN TIMES: Click here
ADDRESS: Click here

26. Victoria Court Hotel 1881 – Sydney.

Victoria Street is an address much favoured in the history of Sydney. In earlier times, it was the preferred residential choice of some of the city's most influential and wealthy merchant families who lived there because it was so close to the magnificent harbour. Right at its heart stands Victoria Court Hotel, whose buildings date from 1881 and retain the gracious ambience of that age, while incorporating all the refinements of a modern, first class establishment.

Victoria Court Hotel in Sydney, a small historic boutique Bed & Breakfast hotel, is centrally located on quiet, leafy Victoria Street in elegant Potts Point; the heart of Sydney's gastronomic precinct. It is an ideal base from which to explore and do business in Sydney, as it is within minutes of the Opera House, the Central Business District, the Harbour, Chinatown and most of the famous beaches like Bondi and Manly.

ENTRY FEE: Contact for accomodation cost on 1800 630505
OPEN TIMES: Contact on 1800 630505
ADDRESS: 122 Victoria Street Potts Point, Sydney.

27. Darlinghurst Gaol 1822 to 1840 – Darlinghurst, Sydney.

Construction on Darlinghurst Gaol wall began in 1822 and finish in 1824 using convict labour, but due to a lack of funds, the site sat empty for 12 years. Construction of the rest of the complex did not begin until 1836, with completion of some of the cell blocks in 1840. The gaol was ready for occupation in a year later, with the first prisoners occupying the gaol on 7 June 1841.

The gaol was finally completed in 1885. The main material used for construction of the gaol is Sydney sandstone, cut into large blocks by convicts. Convict markings on the blocks are visible along the upper half of the wall on Darlinghurst Road. A tall circular chapel stands in the middle of the site, around which are sited the six rectangular cellblocks in a radial fashion.

OPEN TIMES: 10.30am to 5pm. There will be expert guided tours of the chapel, Cell Block Theatre (original women's cell block), NAS Gallery, gaol kitchen, basement passageway under the Governor's quarters, and the studio built for sculptor Sir Bertram MacKennal in 1926 to design the figures for the Cenotaph in Martin Place. Tours at 11am, 1pm, 2pm and 3pm.
ADDRESS: Forbes Street, Darlinghurst

28. Saumarez Homestead 1888 - Armidale.

This ten-hectare grazing property was first inhabited by British settlers led by Henry Dumaresq in the 1830's. Today it includes an elegant, extensive, fully furnished Edwardian homestead, built between 1888 and 1906, and 15 farm and other buildings dating up to 1910, with their collections of early farm equipment.

ENTRY FEE: Adult: $12, Concession $8, Pre-booked tours and group house tours: $8, School groups: $6, Family house tours and grounds: $25, Grounds only, Adults: $7, Concession: $5, Family access to grounds only: $15
OPEN TIMES: Weekends and public holidays 10am-5pm to all visitors. Entry to interior of homestead by guided tour only (10.30am, 2pm and 3.30pm weekends and public holidays except Christmas Day & Good Friday). The property is closed for winter from mid-June until the end of August, except for group bookings and functions which are available year round.
ADDRESS: 230 Saumarez Road, (Enter via Armidale Airport from the New England Highway), Armidale

29. Queen Victoria Building 1890 – Sydney CBD

Rich in history and architecturally splendid, the Queen Victoria Building (QVB) occupies an entire block on Sydney's George Street, and has over 180 of Sydney's finest fashion boutiques, jewellery shops and homewares, accompanied by delightful cafes and restaurants. The grand building, built in the 1890s was erected as a Municipal Market on the scale of a Cathedral. The QVB was beautifully restored and re-opened in 1986, and quickly became Sydney's most popular and prestigious shopping centre.

The dominant feature is the mighty centre dome, which during the Christmas period is occupied by a giant Christmas tree, a must see for any visitor. Glorious stained glass windows and splendid architecture endure throughout the building and an original 19th century staircase sits alongside the dome.

OPEN TIMES: Click here.
ADDRESS: Click here

30. Schaeffer House 1900 - Grafton.

Schaeffer House - which now has a National Trust classification was built around 1900 and was originally named "Kia Ora". It was the home of Mr F. W. C. Schaeffer who became the first City Architect in 1909. The workmanship and fittings are very fine and some of the finishing was done by Mr Schaeffer himself. No water was laid on as he thought it might ruin the foundations.

ENTRY FEE: Adults $3, Children $1
OPEN TIMES: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Sunday 1pm to 4pm.
ADDRESS: 190 Fitzroy Street, Grafton


I would not have been able to put this great list of Historical Buildings that you could visit in NSW without the help of the following:

• Braidwood & District Historical Society.
• Sydney Living Museums.
• The National Trust
• Destination NSW.
• Maitland Gaol.
• The Old Dubbo Gaol.
• The Rocks Museum.
• Douglas Vale Historic Homestead & Vineyard.
• The Clarence River Historical Society.
• The Victoria Court Hotel Sydney.
• Mater Dei.
• Kogarah Historical Society.
• NSW National Parks.

Hopefully you have now been inspired to visit a few of these magnificent buildings and be in amazed at what the early settlers achieved throughout the 1800 to 1900 in NSW.

#camden -south
213159 - 2023-06-16 06:52:37


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