Subscribe      List an Event or Business      Invite a Writer      Write for WN      Writers      Other Locations
1 million Australian readers every month      list your event

Cazneaux's Tree @ Flinders Ranges

Home > Flinders Ranges > Photography | Outdoor | National Parks | Free | Disabled Friendly
by Paula McManus (subscribe)
Photography obsessed writer and urban explorer. Lover of nature, art and long weekends. Adelaide, South Australia.
Published April 22nd 2022
An Enduring Spirit
The Cazneaux Tree is a very significant tree - literally.

It's so important it's on the National Trust's Significant Tree Register: Significant Tree #239

The tree is a mighty River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis). It was nominated to the Significant Tree Register due to its outstanding aesthetic beauty.

Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia (©paula mcmanus)

A Famous Tree Indeed
Cazneuax's Tree is a much loved and very famous tree near Wilpena Pound in the Flinders Ranges. It came to its fame in 1937 when Harold Cazneaux photographed it and called it "Spirit of Endurance" as testament to life in such a hard and unforgiving environment. His photo won international acclaim and since then the tree has been photographed and painted many times.

Harold Cazneaux (30 March 1878 – 19 June 1953) was an Australian pictorialist photographer; a pioneer of Australian photography.

Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia (©paula mcmanus)

The Spirit of Australia
In 1941 he wrote this about the legendary tree: "This giant gum tree stands in solitary grandeur on a lonely plateau in the arid Flinders Ranges, South Australia, where it has grown up from a sapling through the years, and long before the shade from its giant limbs ever gave shelter from heat to white men. The passing of the years has left it scarred and marked by the elements - storm, fire, water, - unconquered, it speaks to us from a Spirit of Endurance. Although aged, its widespread limbs speak of a vitality that will carry on for many more years. One day, when the sun shone hot and strong, I stood before this giant in silent wonder and admiration. The hot wind stirred its leafy boughs, and some of the living elements of this tree passed to me in understanding and friendliness expressing The Spirit of Australia."

If you think that the phrase "The Spirit of Australia" sounds familiar, then check out the wording on every QANTAS plane - it's there and it's because of this tree that it is.

Spirit of Australia, QANTAS
Spirit of Australia, QANTAS, Adelaide Airport (©paula mcmanus)

Pioneers Then and Now
Cazneaux's work has been exhibited all over the world. He founded the Sydney Camera Circle, was a prolific writer and was extensively exhibited, published and commissioned for both his photographic and written works.

Harold travelled to the Flinders Ranges three times - travelling there during the same era as Hans Heysen who also captured the Australian bush so brilliantly in his paintings.

The original Spirit of Endurance photograph was donated to the NSW Art Gallery by his family in 1975. Dick Smith, the great Aussie adventurer and entrepreneur is Harold Cazneaux's grandson.

Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges, South Australia (©paula mcmanus)

Where Is It?
You can find the tree on the main Hawker to Blinman Road which goes through the Flinders Ranges National Park. The entrance to the tree is just north of the turn off into Wilpena Pound.

There is a fairly decent compacted gravel path which would be okay for prams, walkers and wheelchairs. Follow the path for about 300 metres from the carpark to the tree. This is dependent on weather conditions though. The path was closed in the weeks leading up to my visit due to a massive tree branch coming off another River Gum and collapsing on the bridge that crosses the path.

It's a beautifully picturesque spot for a coffee break or quick rest stop, but there are no toilet facilities here.

Cazneaux's Tree is located within the Flinders Ranges National Park. Park entry fees apply and there may be some enforced park closures during days of extreme fire danger. If you need more information, go to the National Parks SA website.
Help us improve  Click here if you liked this article  63
Share: email  facebook  twitter
Why? To See a Tree of Significance
When: All year round, but winter is best
Where: Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Cost: Free, but park entrance fees per car apply
Your Comment
got married under that tree in sept 2002. very special.
by bevan (score: 0|4) 3062 days ago
Articles from other cities
Popular Articles