Brompton and Bowden - Now and Then
A Cottage in Brompton
Bowden and Brompton were once counted among the least desirable suburbs in Adelaide. They are now undergoing massive transformation to become the Bowden Urban Village.
Established in 1839 and 1849 respectively, both suburbs were historically populated by poor working class people living in cheaper housing on compact parcels of land. Most worked locally in one of the many industries that helped the area to grow and expand.
Bowden & Brompton - Minutes from the City by Train
In 1968 the MATS Plan (Metropolitan Adelaide Transport Study) was announced, proposing the introduction of a massive new road system. A key part of that plan was the construction of a huge four level freeway interchange that would have virtually obliterated Bowden and Brompton from the map. For fifteen years the suburbs were in limbo, and became progressively more run down due to a lack of investment.
Rebuilding in Progress
But the closure of the gasworks that dominated Brompton in 2000 and Clipsal Industries' relocation from Bowden in 2009 provided a catalyst for the suburbs to be reborn in a spectacular fashion.
Life and Recreation
The Josiah Mitton Reserve Playground
Children in Bowden and Brompton have several playgrounds to choose from now, such as the Josiah Mitton Reserve
which also has fitness equipment for adults.
Children Play in Hocking St Brompton 1916 (Courtesy History SA GN02290)
In times gone by children used their imagination as they played in dirt on the streets, or even risked their safety in pug holes. There were few other places for kids to enjoy themselves, although Thomas Smith's gym offered an alternative.
Thomas Smith's Premier Gym
There were risks for adults too. Historian Sue Marsden records
: on long winter nights the Port Road became infested with thugs and highwaymen. The Police Commissioner believed their strongholds were the villages of Hindmarsh and Bowden
But the rejuvenation of the precinct has brought some very different activities, such as Trampoline knowledge sharing
in the old Clipsal Industries factory.
Street Art on a Brompton Factory Wall
For a colourful insight into life from days gone by, check out the fantastic Digging up the Dirt
walking trail and podtour. It's great fun!
The Gaslight Tavern (Formerly Gasworks Hotel)
Bowden and Brompton have been home to a rich variety of characters.
A recent book
has suggested that publican of the Gasworks Hotel Josephine Rundle
may have been a serial killer, although it was never suspected at the time.
By contrast Bowden woman Muriel Matters
was a tireless campaigner for women's rights in the United Kingdom after she moved there as an adult. She was extremely creative in finding ways to bring attention to the cause, and later returned to Australia to promote prison reform and equal pay for women.
Fruit Shop Once Operated by Edward Thulborn on Second St
Brompton resident Edward Michael Thulborn
was a man who attracted his share of trouble with the law. Born in 1896, in 1914 he was convicted of using indecent language
at a picture show. Convicted in 1921 of assaulting police
at Gawler, in 1926 he alleged that police had accepted bribes
from him resulting in the government instigating a lengthy Bribery Commission.
Another charge of assaulting police in 1939 was dismissed
when Thulborn was able to demonstrate that it was unlikely.
In 1949 Thulborn was back in court charged with jury rigging
. At the time he was operating a fruit shop on Second St in Brompton Park Extension.
Former Home of Author Max Colwell
The late author Max Colwell
had many interesting stories to tell of growing up in Brompton during the 1930's. Take a look at the website
for more information and to see some fascinating photos of life 80 years ago.
The Brompton Hotel - Still a Community Centre
In the earliest days residents were known to grow their own food and keep some animals, but this must have been difficult on the smaller allotments
In hard times such as during the Depression in the 1930's, local churches and unions provided basic sustenance for families to help them survive.
Plant 13, Once the Park View Hotel
Hotels have been very much a centre of life in Bowden and Brompton throughout its history, and a place to eat. But the former Park View Hotel has now been transformed into Plant 13, a cafe serving food from America's South.
The Loose Caboose at Bowden Station
Even the Bowden railway station has not escaped change - it now houses the Loose Caboose Cafe
and serves an innovative range of delightful food to locals and travellers.
More recently the rich assortment of immigrants have brought their own cuisines to neighbouring areas, ranging from Ethipian to Indian and German to Italian. They all have integrated in some way, with the Rheinland Bakery even offering a kangaroo pie!
A Taste of Spain @ Bowden Fork on The Road
May 2013 saw Fork on The Road
visit Bowden, bringing a taste of the upbeat multicultural vibe that is planned for Bowden Urban Village in the future. It was a spectacular success with entertainment provided by local troupe Cirkidz
and popular band 50 in the City
wowing the crowd.
Working in Bowden & Brompton
Cirkidz Entertain the Crowd at Bowden Fork
The Tall Chimney of the Gasworks Dominates the Landscape
Brick making was common from the earliest days because of the abundance of clay in the area, and water was readily available from the River Torrens. Many pug holes were created and became a hazard for local people. There were a wide variety of other smaller enterprises, from blacksmiths and bootmakers to flour mills and foundries.
When the gasworks were opened in 1863
they became a significant employer for local people over the next 140 years. It dominated the landscape with its high chimneys and enormous footprint. In the 1960's passing Bowden on a Red Hen train usually prompted doors and windows to be closed to avoid the unpleasant smells.
Former Clipsal Industries Convention Centre
Clipsal Industries moved into Bowden in 1936, bringing a huge manufacturing facility that employed up to 1500 people. It was a very successful company, selling products world wide because of their high quality.
Today there is still light industry, but nothing on the scale of Clipsal Industries or the gasworks.
Shopfitters in Brompton
The Home of Mr N Foyle in 1949
Most houses in Bowden and Brompton were modest affairs compared to others in Adelaide, small in size and built of brick or bluestone. Often set back only a few feet from the street, there would have been little privacy in the front rooms.
Row Houses on West St
Row houses were common, and some still remain today. They contrast with modern "row garages" next door.
Are These Reminiscent of Victorian Terrace Houses?
Surprisingly some of the new houses in the area continue the modest theme - some remind me of Victorian terrace houses such as are endemic in south east London, just updated with modern building materials.
New Housing in Brompton
Other new housing is far grander. Some are a very modern design, but it's pleasing to see that effort has been made to preserve the better parts of the area's original character. Renewal SA
commissioned a detailed cultural mapping report
to help guide planning of the development. This has been supported by Charles Sturt Council
declaring a number of Historic Conservation Areas of architectural and historic value.
The Bowden Urban Village will remain peppered with buildings that are links to its past. In my opinion that's a good thing.