The art at Arkaroo Rock (Akurra Adnya) tells the story of the creation of Wilpena Pound. It's a story from the Adnyamathana Dreamtime and is believed to be 5,000 years old.
The ceiling of the cave is named after mythological serpents, called Akurra (or Arkaroo).
It is believed that two Akurras entered into a long and vicious battle with a group of hunters. The hunters killed both of the snakes and it is their petrified bodies that form the outer walls of Wilpena Pound (Ikara).
The head of the male snake forms St Mary Peak (Ngarri Mudlanha), the highest peak in the Flinders Ranges at 1170 metres. The head of the female snake is Beatrice Hill (Wilkalanha) which is 1148 metres high. The word 'Wilpena' means 'place of bent fingers' in Aboriginal language. The Pound is 14 kilometres long and 7 kilometres wide.
Akurra is an important name in the Flinders and many places are named after this Dreamtime story: Arkaroola Village, Arkaroola Creek, Arkaroola Springs and the Arkaroo Rock in Wilpena Pound.
In the cave you will see many charcoal and red yellow and white ochre paintings of birds, people, snakes and waterholes. The paintings were made by mixing the colours with blood, water or animal fats and then brushed on with fingers and hands.
Arkaroo Rock is at the base of Wilpena Pound in the southern part of the Flinders Ranges National Park. The rock art is protected by a cage. Camera lenses can easily fit through the cage wire.
The scenic walking track is a loop and is a total of 3 kilometres in length. Allow 1-2 hours to complete the walk and always check with the park rangers before heading in. Sometimes, due to weather and other events, sections of the park can be closed. Always carry water with you and be properly prepared for the elements.