Built around 1858, Arthur's Seat was a victim of the 1983 Ash Wednesday bushfires which destroyed many historical properties near the Cleland Conservation Park. Others were rebuilt, but like nearby St Michael's House, it remains a ruin today.
Bay Windows Took Advantage of the Views to the West
In 1871 the unfinished Tinline Court was advertised for sale: The Auctioneers wish to draw special attention to this very desirable property, which is beautifully situated within 10 miles of Town, and surrounded by magnificent scenery. The House was built by Mr. George Tinline for a Summer Residence, the walls being of unusual thickness, and the rooms large and lofty. The Garden has been tastefully laid out. The original Plans of the Building can be seen at the Offices of the Auctioneers.
The house and 20 acres of land were bought for 300 pounds by Gavin Young, who hired architect Edward John Woods to complete it in 1875 when it was renamed Arthur's Seat.
The History of Crafers records in 1939: Mr. Young had zig-zag paths made to the gully below, where there was a spring and many ferns grew. He was a botanist and had many plants put in at the side of the paths.
In 1906 after Mr and Mrs Young had both died the house was again sold.
Prominent timber merchant Henry Teesdale Smith was living at Arthur's Seat by 1913. With his partner Joseph Timms, Teesdale Smith built the Adelaide electric tram system about Adelaide (1908-10) and was credited with building several railway lines about South Australia's mid north and interstate. These lines included the Gawler-Angaston (1911), Nurioopta-Truro (1917), Balhannah-Mount Pleasant (1918) and Palmer-Sedan (1919) railways.
After Teesdale Smith's death in 1921, Arthur's Seat was advertised in 1926 as the Stawell School. It was a boarding and day school for girls from all about South Australia which opened in 1927. The State Library of South Australia has a 1930 photo of pupils, and some film of the Cornell family at the school.
Ruins of One of the Historical Properties in the Adelaide Hills
The Stawell School closed in 1941 and the property was again for sale, although it was used briefly as a rookie camp by Australian Womens Army Service. One local newspaper gleefully reported It's a gay scene when army girls go on parade.
Robert Stephen McLeay owned Arthur's Seat briefly in 1950 and rented out the coach house to friends, but by the end of the year solicitor Basil Harford had moved in. Harford was active about Adelaide in literary, art and conservation circles, and also a founding member of the National Trust in SA.
Local residents say that the final occupants of Arthur's Seat were Professor and Pam McFarlane, who changed the property's name to Wychwood. After the property was ravaged by fire in 1983 Pam McFarlane sold it to the state government, and much of the land was incorporated into Cleland Conservation Park.
I am grateful to Scott McCarten for his suggestion that I write about Arthur's Seat, which has seen an interesting part of South Australian history. Scott travels all about Adelaide in search of interesting subjects, and has taken an atmospheric photo of Arthur's Seat by starlight which brings out the character of the ruins - see it here.
Hello, Dave. My parents live next door to Wychwood and I spent many happy hours in the house as a child, being a friend of Pam and Victor McFarlane and particularly Ingereth (not Ingrid), their daughter.
Wychwood also has a rich history and I believe the oldest part of the building also used to be a school at one time. A split-level extention was built onto the original stone building, but was not two-storey as shown in your photos.
The house pictured is therefore not Wychwood, but the house next door to it, which was owned by Nancy Harford before it was destroyed in the Ash Wednesday fires. I gather that she'd just had part of the house renovated prior to the fires, but was unable to afford the insurance. Very sad.
Pam McFarlane had also installed some expensive equipment in her new art studio in the lower part of the extension to Wychwood just before the fires.
The Harford's house had its own private driveway, which was accessible from Summit Road, but also by driving past Wychwood along Pam Street, which ran off Owen Street (both not bituminised), which in turn ran off Summit Road.
I now live in Perth, but I was devastated when I visited Adelaide in 1987/88 during a very hot, dry summer and was confronted by the destruction of all my childhood memories of living in Crafers in the Adelaide Hills. A great deal of history went up in smoke on the day of the fires. Some historic buildings, for example the castle and Mount Lofty House on Summit Road, were rebuilt, but many like the monastery across from the castle (which lost a large collection of very rare books) remain in ruin.
I've posted a few photos (not very good, I'm afraid) of my visit, here:
http://twitpic.com/photos/OzMerry The two better photos of the castle were taken by a work colleague when he was on holidays there.
We went down here to have a look recently. It's pretty much overgrown with weeds and such - still an excellent site for an hour or so to check out. There was a worker there who was working on the other property and allowed me in to take some photos. He told me about the history - asked him about the place using the information you've provided here and he said Arthur's Seat and also the smaller homestead have been bought out by some private buyers for re-development in the near future.
Arthur's Seat itself (the massive mansion) is an interesting place to get inside. The set of drawers immediately springs to mind at how ominous it looks just hanging precariously over the collapsed hallway floor. Didn't get to the second level but had there not been so many weeds and collapsed walkways I'd probably have taken the risk.
Thanks for the heads-up on this place before it gets re-development orders - was a great Saturday afternoon trek - and another thanks for the 'follow' on Twitter.
Great article! My hubby and I will definitely have to check this place out next time we're in Adelaide. I loved the photos and all the historic information too. Scott's photo was great too, although the house looked rather spooky in it...
Wow - what history. You did a lot of research on this one. When I read 'Arthur's seat" I immediately thought of castles, arthur, knights...and I was pleasantly surprised to see the castle. Pity that it is going to runs now, but those things really require a lot of money to restore.